03 Nov Week 1 – Discussion 21818 unread replies.1818 repl
Week 1 – Discussion 21818 unread replies.1818 replies.Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.Jurisdiction/Beyond a Reasonable Doubt. [WLOs: 2, 3] [CLOs: 3, 4]Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read The Burden of Reasonable Doubt: When a Standard Designed to Protect Defendants Actually Hurts Them (Links to an external site.) and Federal and State Jurisdiction (Links to an external site.) Additionally, watch What Does Beyond a Reasonable Doubt Mean? (Links to an external site.)A central component to any criminal case is the jurisdictional requirement for a court to hear a criminal case. In your examinations this week, focus on the power of jurisdiction and its significance as part of the criminal justice system. Who creates jurisdiction, and why is it so significant? Similarly, a sound understanding of the legal requirement that the prosecution must prove every element of a statute beyond a reasonable doubt is required for all criminal justice professionals. This discussion requires you to examine reasonable doubt instructions for juries from three states and choose which one is best; remember to justify your responses with reliable sources.If your last name begins with the letters A through L: Explain the central components of the legal term and substantive criminal law requirement for jurisdiction. At a minimum, your response must detail all of the following:What is jurisdiction, and how does it affect criminal prosecution?Can the type of crime determine jurisdiction for a court?Distinguish between federal and state jurisdiction for courts in criminal cases.If your last name begins with the letters M through Z:What is the legal concept of the prosecutor’s burden of proving all elements of a criminal offense beyond a reasonable doubt (BARD)?Where did the burden of BARD come from, historically?Compare and contrast the beyond a reasonable doubt jury instructions from these three different states: Nevada, New York, and Louisiana; pick the one that best explains this legal concept and justify your answer in your primary discussion posting.Guided Response: Review several of your classmates’ posts, and respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts. Jurisdiction and beyond a reasonable doubt are two very significant terms in criminal justice. The United States has literally thousands of varying jurisdictions on the federal, state, county, and local levels. In your response to classmates, evaluate the soundness of so many, varying jurisdictions and the purposes for them. The legal notion of proof beyond a reasonable doubt is the unchallenged standard required to prove someone guilty of a crime in the United States. As you review your classmates’ postings, consider the wisdom of that being a universal standard for proof of a crime. Should less serious crimes have a lower burden of proof? Why or why not? Your responses must be at least 100 words of content and supported by credible sources (i.e., classroom materials or outside, credible sources). You are encouraged to post your required replies earlier in the week to promote more meaningful and interactive discourse in this discussion forum. Continue to monitor the discussion forum until 5:00 p.m. (Mountain Time) on Day 7, and respond with robust dialogue to anyone who replies to your initial post.