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As we progress as a society, so too does  our technology. Innovation and invention are cohesive, and our species  has a natural instinct to create and improve. At some point humans drew  their attention towards improving something else, the very food that we  consume. Genetically modified organisms (or GMOs) are nothing new,  Humans began genetically modifying plants to provide food more than  10,000 years ago. For the past hundred years or so plant breeders have  used radiation and chemicals to speed up the production of genetic  changes. (Nina Fedoroff). GM foods are important in todays society  because of the necessity of food due to the large population of people  on the planet. Some places have harder times growing food than others,  and GM plants can be reprogrammed to grow in areas with unproductive  soil.   

   With the ability to alter and change  the very genetic code of an organism, there are sure to be benefits and  drawbacks as a result. There are many positive aspects of GM foods such  as resistance to disease, high nutritional value, environmental  benefits, and even health boosts. On the other hand, there are negative  effects as well. Most GMOs tolerate the pesticide glyphosate, but this  genetic alteration remains controversial because this pesticide might  cause cancer. and The GMO side effects on humans also remain a  concern. New genetic technologies have the unwanted effect of the added  gene possibly entering the host’s genome causing a permanent alteration  in its basic genetic structure. (Janet Renee). Whether GMOs are good or  bad can be open to interpretation but there are definitely both valid  arguments for either side.   

  There is a stigma associated with GM  foods; many people are gullible to rumors and false information which  makes people believe they are awful. I do believe GMOs are unnatural, as  is anything thats man-made, but I do not believe they are dangerous.  Of course, there are some negative side effects but GMOs can provide a  source of food to places previously unable to grow.  

  Both conventional crop breeding and GMOs  share the same goal, to produce crops with improved characteristics by  changing their genetic makeup. GM achieves this by adding a new gene or  genes to the genome of a crop plant. Conventional breeding achieves it  by crossing together plants with relevant characteristics, and selecting  the offspring with the desired combination of characteristics, as a  result of particular combinations of genes inherited from the two  parents. However, with conventional breeding there are a couple of  downsides such as the amount of time it takes to cross breed and also  some of the characteristics and genes desired may not be available. GM  is more time effective and desired genes and traits can be engineered,  but we still dont fully understand all of the side effects. If the same  result can be desire from both methods which one is the better option? I  side with the conventional method because it is a more natural  approach.  

  I feel as though GMOs is such a divisive  topic because of tradition and lack of understanding. For many  conventional breeding is the back in my day method and people tend to  be stuck in their ways. Also, GM foods are relatively new and we learn  more about them every day, and the lack of understanding scares some  people. When people envision food, they want to see farmers behind them,  not men in lab coats.   

References 

 

 

Harri Daniel 

 

Janet Renee 

 

https://royalsociety.org/topics-policy/projects/gm-plants/how-does-gm-differ-from-conventional-plant-breeding/ 

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