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A Japanese citizen working in Hong Kong for a Japanese multinational would be

A Japanese citizen working in Hong Kong for a Japanese
multinational would be classified as:
Answer

A host country national (HCN)

A third country national (TCH)

A parent country national (PCN)

A related country national (RCN)
Question 2
As foreign subsidiaries matures the local HR activities:
Answer

Have broadening responsibilities

Revert to the home office

decrease as government relations are understood

Stay largely the same
Question 3
Which three dimensions are presented in Morgans model of
IHRM?
Answer

Types of employees, countries and industries

Types of employees, countries and human resource activities

Types of products, industries and human resource activity

Types of employees, labor problems and human resource
activity
Question 4
Which of the following is a global mindset?
Answer

Focus on domestic issues

Minimize differences between international and domestic
environments

Transferability between domestic and international HRM
practices

To formulate and implement HR policies that develop globally
oriented staff
Question 5
Which ratio is not part of index of transnationality?
Answer

Foreign assets to total assets

Foreign sales to total sales

Foreign debt to total debt

Foreign employment to total employment
Question 6
Emic refers to which kind of specific aspect of concepts or
behaviors?
Answer

Language

Culture

Country

History
Question 7
An asymmetric event is:
Answer

Terrorist attack on 9/11

London 2012 Olympics

HR activities

Weekly staff training
Question 8
Cultural difference is not necessarily equivalent to:
Answer

Social Factors

Values and beliefs

National Differences

Shared and recognized ways of looking at the world
uestion 9
What activity in international human resource would not be
required in a domestic environment?
Answer

Staff orientation

Tax equalization

Terrorism considerations

Relocation assistance
Question 10
International HRM is reflected in:
Answer

The need for a narrower perspective

The need for a short term perspective

The need for a judgmental perspective

The need for a broader perspective
Question 11
What is a key driver for firms seeking international
markets?
Answer

A small home market

Tax regulations

Large home markets

Managerial incompetence
Question 12
Which of the following is not a major external factor that
influences IHRM?
Answer

The state of the economy

Type of government

Generally accepted practices of doing business

Regulatory requirements
Question 13
Cross-cultural management research is based on the
assumption that:
Answer

There are no real differences in management practices in
various countries and the respective environments do not matter.

There are differences in management practices in various
countries but the respective environments do not explain these differences.

There are differences in management practices in various
countries and the respective environment explains these differences.

There are differences in management practices in various
countries and these differences are explained by company strategy alone.
Question 14
According to researchers like Barry Gerhart:
Answer

Cross-cultural research emphasizes the influence of culture
and business practices

Cross-cultural research actually understates the influences
of culture on business practices

Cross cultural research as yet to show any influence of
culture on business practices

Cross cultural research is insufficient in quantity or
quality of findings to make any judgment of how culture may or may not
influence business practices
Question 15
According to Hofstede, some Asian cultures such as Singapore
and Hong Kong:
Answer

Score low on uncertainty avoidance and low on power distance

Score low on uncertainty avoidance and high on power
distance

Score high on uncertainty avoidance and low on power
distance

Score high on uncertainty avoidance and high on power
distance
Question 16
The GLOBE research tries to study the complex relationships
between:
Answer

Culture, leadership behavior, organizational effectiveness,
social co-habitation conditions, and the economic success of societies.

Culture, leadership behavior, political institutions, social
legislations, corporate strategies and the economic success of societies.

Culture, economic development, social progress, and
multinational dynamism.

Culture, leadership behavior, organizational effectiveness,
employee commitments and satisfaction, social dynamics and the economic success
of societies.
4 points
Question 17
Individualism vs. collectivism refers to:
Answer

How government agencies act towards citizens

The extent to which individual initiative and responsibility
to close family is valued in society as contrasted to group initiative and
responsibility to an extended definition of family as socially valued

The extent to which individuals relate to the government as
opposed to individuals being alienated from their government

The extent to which individual achievements are socially
recognized and rewarded as opposed to recognition of wider social collectives
groups, organizations, etc.
Question 18
Hofstedes study is classified or based on:
Answer

Cultures

Ethnic subgroup

Countries

Common cultural regions
Question 19
One study by Child, reviewing research on the development of
cultures concluded:
Answer

Studies on the macro level (organizations structure) found
evidence for divergence or growing differences in cultures

Studies on the micro level (behaviors by employees) found
enhance for convergence or the lessening of differences in cultures

Studies on the macro level (organizational structure) found
evidence for convergence, or the lessening of differences in cultures

Studies on both the macro and micro level found evidence for
convergence or the lessening of differences in cultures
Question 20
As applied research, the Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner
study:
Answer

Is backed up by extensive duplicate studies in a variety of
countries and industries

Has repeatedly demonstrated validity and reliability

Has not demonstrated validity nor reliability

Provides an explicit rationale for the origins and
operationalization of the seven cultures/dimensions
Question 21
Trompenaars and Hampden-Turners cultural dimensions is
Ascription vs. :
Answer

Description

Conscription

Achievements

Acclimation
Question 22
Hofstedes cultural dimensions are:
Answer

Universality, uncertainty avoidance, individualism vs.
collectivism, aspiration vs. resignation and referentism.

Power distance, uncertainty avoidance, femininity vs.
masculinity, individualism vs. collectivism dynamics.

Power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism vs.
collectivism and contextualism vs. universalism.

Universalism vs. contextualism Confucian dynamics,
individualism vs. collectivism and consumerism vs. theft
Question 23
The GLOBE study:
Answer

Distinguishes between organizational cultures and national
cultures.

Does not distinguish between organizational cultures and national
cultures

Never distinguishes between subcultures in some nations for
which data was collected

Distinguishes between subcultures in all 62 nations for
which data was collected
Question 24
Under Confucianism dynamics, orientations can be either:
Answer

Long-term or short-term

Paternal or individualistic

Adaptable or subordinate

Political or idealistic
Question 25
Hofstede identifies a strong tendency or masculinity with a
high tendency for uncertainty avoidance in:
Answer

The Scandinavian cluster

The Asian Tigers clusters

The German speaking cluster

The Gallic cluster
Midterm part 2
Question 1
The process of socializing people so that they come to share
a common set of values and beliefs that shapes their behavior is:
Answer

Networking

Corporate culture

Matrix structure

Social investment
Question 3
A major contributing factor of an unmanageable matrix
structure is:
Answer

Confused human resource department

Standard reporting procedures

Clear responsibilities

Dual reporting requirements
Question 4
The matrix structure:
Answer

Is rather simple to control

Is characterized by a manager who belongs to two units at
the same time

Is one of the first structures used by newly-formed
international firms

Is difficult to set up, but once in place it is easy to
maintain
Question 5
An important forum for the development of personal networks
is:
Answer

Relocating staff on a regular basis

Luncheon meeting

Training programs held in regional centers

Weekly department meetings
Question 6
The host-country effect:
Answer

Implies that multinationals are shaped by institutions
existing in their country origins

Refers to the extent to which HRM practice in subsidiaries
are impacted by the host country context

Refers to the transfer of practices from foreign locations
to the headquarters

Relies heavily on knowledge from the parent or peer
subsidiaries
Question 7
Which stage of international operations tend to create a
separate international division in a company:
Answer

Foreign production/service operations

Exporting

Physical location

Sales
Question 8
Many companies in the developmental stage of
internationalization will maintain control by:
Answer

Placing PCN in all key positions

Placing a human resource division on location

Going to governmental sources for support

Hiring locals in all aspects of the organization
Question 9
Network multinational structures:
Answer

Are the most popular form of multinational organization

Are tightly coupled bureaucracies, linked by formal explicit
policies

Are culturally homogeneous and hierarchically controlled

Are loosely coupled political systems
Question 10
Which category of employee is typically used in key sales
subsidiary position in a new developing international company:
Answer

Parent Country National

Host Country National

Third Country National

Multi Country National
Question 11
The think global, act local paradox:
Answer

Purchase vegetables at farmers markets grown in another
country

Push for local responsiveness toward global integration

Results in a foreign subsidiary hiring local employees

Reflects the hierarchy of needs for a multinational company
Question 12
Matrix structures:
Answer

Can be managed by anyone with basic skills

Requires a manager with some experience, but who insist on
no ambiguities

Requires managers who know the business in general, who has
good interpersonal skills and who can deal with ambiguities in responsibilities

Requires a manager who has worked at least five years in a
previous matrix organization
Question 13
Typically the initial stage of a firm entering international
operations is:
Answer

Export

Licensing

Investment

Employment
Question 14
One of the largest merges in history was between:
Answer

IBM and Wang

Chrysler and Daimler Benz

Ford and Jaguar

Lincoln and Ford
Question 15
The HR managers role as an innovator in a IJV means:
Answer

Create a win-win situation by sharing rather than competing
between entities

Taking all stake holders needs into account

Conceptualize and implement new strategies

Identify talent for executing IJV strategies and adapt to
changes
Question 16
The best way to address intercultural conflicts is to:
Answer

Ignore the conflicts as they will diminish with time

Have local country experts to interpret these conflicts

Take explicit measures to build and maintain the identity of
the IJV organization

Let the two sides battle it out and the stronger of the two
will prevail
Question 17
Which expatriate role or characteristic is found to be most
important for a successful integration in a M&A activity?
Answer

Prior work experience with a country

Language skills

A managers industry experience

Creative analytical skill
Question 18
The European Commissions definition of SME is which of the
following?
Answer

Small company with less than 50 employees

Medium company with less than 500 employees

Small balance sheet with less than 25 million in assets

Medium balance sheet with less than 75 million in assets
Question 19
IJV positions called functional gatekeepers:
Answer

Provide a governmental regulation function

Control the public relations aspects of an IJV

Allow functional resources to be inventoried freely

Protect their firms assets in specific functional areas
Question 20
An option for SMEs to improve Human Resource related issues
rapidly is to:
Answer

Outsource the HR department

Rely less on the resources

Send managers to external training institutions

Fire the weaker employees
Question 21
Shortage of working capital to finance exports is a top
barrier to access international markets in:
Answer

EEA

IJV

SMEs

HR
Question 22
A perceived unaffordable luxury in SMEs is:
Answer

Training

Research

Environmental upgrades

Change facilitator
Question 23
Which companies have a difficult challenge to enter foreign
markets?
Answer

Conglomerate

Small to medium companies

Partnerships

Chinese based firms
Question 24
The due diligence phase of a M&A is:
Answer

Putting all the planning into action

An in depth analysis of the benefits on the mergers

The plan to carry out the merger

Designing key talent retention programs
Question 25
Cross-border alliances are:
Answer

Cooperative agreements between two or more firms from a
different national background

Investment in which profits and other responsibilities are
assigned

Agreement between 2 companies to join their operations

Multinational attempting to integrate its operations across
more than one dimeA Japanese citizen working in Hong Kong for a Japanese
multinational would be classified as:Answer A host country national (HCN) A third country national (TCH) A parent country national (PCN) A related country national (RCN)Question 2As foreign subsidiaries matures the local HR activities:Answer Have broadening responsibilities Revert to the home office decrease as government relations are understood Stay largely the sameQuestion 3Which three dimensions are presented in Morgans model of
IHRM?Answer Types of employees, countries and industries Types of employees, countries and human resource activities Types of products, industries and human resource activity Types of employees, labor problems and human resource
activityQuestion 4Which of the following is a global mindset?Answer Focus on domestic issues Minimize differences between international and domestic
environments Transferability between domestic and international HRM
practices To formulate and implement HR policies that develop globally
oriented staffQuestion 5Which ratio is not part of index of transnationality?Answer Foreign assets to total assets Foreign sales to total sales Foreign debt to total debt Foreign employment to total employmentQuestion 6Emic refers to which kind of specific aspect of concepts or
behaviors?Answer Language Culture Country HistoryQuestion 7An asymmetric event is:Answer Terrorist attack on 9/11 London 2012 Olympics HR activities Weekly staff trainingQuestion 8Cultural difference is not necessarily equivalent to:Answer Social Factors Values and beliefs National Differences Shared and recognized ways of looking at the worlduestion 9What activity in international human resource would not be
required in a domestic environment?Answer Staff orientation Tax equalization Terrorism considerations Relocation assistanceQuestion 10International HRM is reflected in:Answer The need for a narrower perspective The need for a short term perspective The need for a judgmental perspective The need for a broader perspectiveQuestion 11What is a key driver for firms seeking international
markets?Answer A small home market Tax regulations Large home markets Managerial incompetenceQuestion 12Which of the following is not a major external factor that
influences IHRM?Answer The state of the economy Type of government Generally accepted practices of doing business Regulatory requirementsQuestion 13Cross-cultural management research is based on the
assumption that:Answer There are no real differences in management practices in
various countries and the respective environments do not matter. There are differences in management practices in various
countries but the respective environments do not explain these differences. There are differences in management practices in various
countries and the respective environment explains these differences. There are differences in management practices in various
countries and these differences are explained by company strategy alone.Question 14According to researchers like Barry Gerhart:Answer Cross-cultural research emphasizes the influence of culture
and business practices Cross-cultural research actually understates the influences
of culture on business practices Cross cultural research as yet to show any influence of
culture on business practices Cross cultural research is insufficient in quantity or
quality of findings to make any judgment of how culture may or may not
influence business practicesQuestion 15According to Hofstede, some Asian cultures such as Singapore
and Hong Kong:Answer Score low on uncertainty avoidance and low on power distance Score low on uncertainty avoidance and high on power
distance Score high on uncertainty avoidance and low on power
distance Score high on uncertainty avoidance and high on power
distanceQuestion 16The GLOBE research tries to study the complex relationships
between:Answer Culture, leadership behavior, organizational effectiveness,
social co-habitation conditions, and the economic success of societies. Culture, leadership behavior, political institutions, social
legislations, corporate strategies and the economic success of societies. Culture, economic development, social progress, and
multinational dynamism. Culture, leadership behavior, organizational effectiveness,
employee commitments and satisfaction, social dynamics and the economic success
of societies.4 pointsQuestion 17Individualism vs. collectivism refers to:Answer How government agencies act towards citizens The extent to which individual initiative and responsibility
to close family is valued in society as contrasted to group initiative and
responsibility to an extended definition of family as socially valued The extent to which individuals relate to the government as
opposed to individuals being alienated from their government The extent to which individual achievements are socially
recognized and rewarded as opposed to recognition of wider social collectives
groups, organizations, etc.Question 18Hofstedes study is classified or based on:Answer Cultures Ethnic subgroup Countries Common cultural regionsQuestion 19One study by Child, reviewing research on the development of
cultures concluded:Answer Studies on the macro level (organizations structure) found
evidence for divergence or growing differences in cultures Studies on the micro level (behaviors by employees) found
enhance for convergence or the lessening of differences in cultures Studies on the macro level (organizational structure) found
evidence for convergence, or the lessening of differences in cultures Studies on both the macro and micro level found evidence for
convergence or the lessening of differences in culturesQuestion 20As applied research, the Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner
study:Answer Is backed up by extensive duplicate studies in a variety of
countries and industries Has repeatedly demonstrated validity and reliability Has not demonstrated validity nor reliability Provides an explicit rationale for the origins and
operationalization of the seven cultures/dimensionsQuestion 21Trompenaars and Hampden-Turners cultural dimensions is
Ascription vs. :Answer Description Conscription Achievements AcclimationQuestion 22Hofstedes cultural dimensions are:Answer Universality, uncertainty avoidance, individualism vs.
collectivism, aspiration vs. resignation and referentism. Power distance, uncertainty avoidance, femininity vs.
masculinity, individualism vs. collectivism dynamics. Power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism vs.
collectivism and contextualism vs. universalism. Universalism vs. contextualism Confucian dynamics,
individualism vs. collectivism and consumerism vs. theftQuestion 23The GLOBE study:Answer Distinguishes between organizational cultures and national
cultures. Does not distinguish between organizational cultures and national
cultures Never distinguishes between subcultures in some nations for
which data was collected Distinguishes between subcultures in all 62 nations for
which data was collectedQuestion 24Under Confucianism dynamics, orientations can be either:Answer Long-term or short-term Paternal or individualistic Adaptable or subordinate Political or idealisticQuestion 25Hofstede identifies a strong tendency or masculinity with a
high tendency for uncertainty avoidance in:Answer The Scandinavian cluster The Asian Tigers clusters The German speaking cluster The Gallic clusterMidterm part 2Question 1The process of socializing people so that they come to share
a common set of values and beliefs that shapes their behavior is:Answer Networking Corporate culture Matrix structure Social investmentQuestion 3A major contributing factor of an unmanageable matrix
structure is:Answer Confused human resource department Standard reporting procedures Clear responsibilities Dual reporting requirementsQuestion 4The matrix structure:Answer Is rather simple to control Is characterized by a manager who belongs to two units at
the same time Is one of the first structures used by newly-formed
international firms Is difficult to set up, but once in place it is easy to
maintainQuestion 5An important forum for the development of personal networks
is:Answer Relocating staff on a regular basis Luncheon meeting Training programs held in regional centers Weekly department meetingsQuestion 6The host-country effect:Answer Implies that multinationals are shaped by institutions
existing in their country origins Refers to the extent to which HRM practice in subsidiaries
are impacted by the host country context Refers to the transfer of practices from foreign locations
to the headquarters Relies heavily on knowledge from the parent or peer
subsidiariesQuestion 7Which stage of international operations tend to create a
separate international division in a company:Answer Foreign production/service operations Exporting Physical location SalesQuestion 8Many companies in the developmental stage of
internationalization will maintain control by:Answer Placing PCN in all key positions Placing a human resource division on location Going to governmental sources for support Hiring locals in all aspects of the organizationQuestion 9Network multinational structures:Answer Are the most popular form of multinational organization Are tightly coupled bureaucracies, linked by formal explicit
policies Are culturally homogeneous and hierarchically controlled Are loosely coupled political systemsQuestion 10Which category of employee is typically used in key sales
subsidiary position in a new developing international company:Answer Parent Country National Host Country National Third Country National Multi Country NationalQuestion 11The think global, act local paradox:Answer Purchase vegetables at farmers markets grown in another
country Push for local responsiveness toward global integration Results in a foreign subsidiary hiring local employees Reflects the hierarchy of needs for a multinational companyQuestion 12Matrix structures:Answer Can be managed by anyone with basic skills Requires a manager with some experience, but who insist on
no ambiguities Requires managers who know the business in general, who has
good interpersonal skills and who can deal with ambiguities in responsibilities Requires a manager who has worked at least five years in a
previous matrix organizationQuestion 13Typically the initial stage of a firm entering international
operations is:Answer Export Licensing Investment EmploymentQuestion 14One of the largest merges in history was between:Answer IBM and Wang Chrysler and Daimler Benz Ford and Jaguar Lincoln and FordQuestion 15The HR managers role as an innovator in a IJV means:Answer Create a win-win situation by sharing rather than competing
between entities Taking all stake holders needs into account Conceptualize and implement new strategies Identify talent for executing IJV strategies and adapt to
changesQuestion 16The best way to address intercultural conflicts is to:Answer Ignore the conflicts as they will diminish with time Have local country experts to interpret these conflicts Take explicit measures to build and maintain the identity of
the IJV organization Let the two sides battle it out and the stronger of the two
will prevailQuestion 17Which expatriate role or characteristic is found to be most
important for a successful integration in a M&A activity?Answer Prior work experience with a country Language skills A managers industry experience Creative analytical skillQuestion 18The European Commissions definition of SME is which of the
following?Answer Small company with less than 50 employees Medium company with less than 500 employees Small balance sheet with less than 25 million in assets Medium balance sheet with less than 75 million in assetsQuestion 19IJV positions called functional gatekeepers:Answer Provide a governmental regulation function Control the public relations aspects of an IJV Allow functional resources to be inventoried freely Protect their firms assets in specific functional areasQuestion 20An option for SMEs to improve Human Resource related issues
rapidly is to:Answer Outsource the HR department Rely less on the resources Send managers to external training institutions Fire the weaker employeesQuestion 21Shortage of working capital to finance exports is a top
barrier to access international markets in:Answer EEA IJV SMEs HRQuestion 22A perceived unaffordable luxury in SMEs is:Answer Training Research Environmental upgrades Change facilitatorQuestion 23Which companies have a difficult challenge to enter foreign
markets?Answer Conglomerate Small to medium companies Partnerships Chinese based firmsQuestion 24The due diligence phase of a M&A is:Answer Putting all the planning into action An in depth analysis of the benefits on the mergers The plan to carry out the merger Designing key talent retention programsQuestion 25Cross-border alliances are:Answer Cooperative agreements between two or more firms from a
different national background Investment in which profits and other responsibilities are
assigned Agreement between 2 companies to join their operations Multinational attempting to integrate its operations across
more than one dime

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